In 1791 the Second Amendment made sense.

Our young federal government had no standing army. Militias, composed of armed citizens, were expected to quell rebellions, resist invasions and keep order. While the president had ultimate authority, the states were charged with organizing and manning the militias.

The South feared the more populous North, particularly the distaste for slavery among the northerners. Slavery was vital to the South’s economy but not the North’s.

Southern leaders lobbied to add a guaranteed right to keep arms as part of the Bill of Rights then being considered. Their local militias needed firearms to control the captive populations in their midst — people with every human reason to rebel or escape.

Thus, the Second Amendment was created.

Today we have the largest permanent military the world has ever known, one dominating the national budget, and slavery is illegal. America’s current enemies want our destruction rather than our territory. Neither Kim Jong-un nor the Taliban would be deterred by an armed citizenry.

But the Second Amendment, this artifact of another time, is held up as reason to allow millions to own guns — even for some to collect huge caches, many of impressive lethality — all without any test to evaluate their need for them or anyone’s fitness to handle the responsibility.

While mass shootings horrify us, they account for a tiny fraction of the thousands of our fellow Americans murdered or injured in gun-related crimes. Guns also figure in more suicides than any other means.

The right of self-defense, deeply imbedded in common law, did not require a constitutional amendment. Nor does anyone’s safety require AR-15 assault rifles or bump stocks.

“Awash in guns” endangers us all. America needs rational limits to firearms access.


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The police should be investigating the Republicans and their party. They are committing criminal acts in passing legislation that causes immense physical and mental harm to millions of regular American citizens against their will.

Their gerrymandering, their manipulation of the vote, their corporate paid-for brainwashing of the general American public and their endless lying propaganda are tantamount to stealing the democratic right of every average American through criminal deception.

Their arrogance, their self-righteousness and their extremely antisocial behavior is indeed criminal inhumanity against all those they represent.

They, as predatory pawns of international corporations, have rigged the voting system so that it defies and defiles democracy while creating the empty illusion of democratic government.

Seemingly the public is left no choice whatsoever but to fry in the hot oil of Republican legislation and accept the terror that surrenders average American people to the horror of the Republican demonic vision of humanity.

With every passing day, Republican laws against us are expanding in depth and depravity. They are happily sacrificing everyday Americans to corporate greed and psychopathic ideas that fabricate false-flag terrorism and manufacture endless fear dividing every American against all others in the name of their “democratic right to rule.”

Republicans are on a roll — more war, more military, more wealth for the wealthy, destruction of health care and the environment, destruction of worker safety regulations, etc.

All in all, Republicans are willing to weaken us to the point of our surrender when we, like they, are in favor of enriching and emboldening psychopathic corporations in their efforts to turn regular American citizens into corporate slaves.

With the massive amounts of money flowing over our democracy, we are drowning, having no power, no resistance, being unable to even swim in the deluge of political bribery for corporate control of our democratic system.

Are you as an American willing to be “defanged and made impotent” by the ruling politicians and their barbaric masters, or are you going to join with the regular people in your interconnected communities and unite in friendship and kindness?

Some guy once said “Love your neighbor as yourself.” He had a point. Loving others and encouraging them to love themselves and others, too, could be the very basic plan we need to find our way out of the homicidal madness of corporate greed and power. Regular Americans unified behind a prosocial, caring and kind intersocial, interracial agenda can and will defeat all those who seek to destroy us for their own selfish desires. I propose a Public Union for a Prosocial America, (PUPA), tied to a set of “love your neighbor” principles that will create a new politic for the prosperity and happiness of all Americans.




We incorrectly identified a person appearing in a photo on page 7 of last week’s edition. Appearing in the photo with the Rev. Ed Bacon is Episcopal Bishop Michael Curry. The correction has been made in our online version of the story . We regret any confusion or inconvenience this may have caused.